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  Authors

N P SARADA DEVI,S NARASIMHULU

  Keywords

Arduino UNO, Ultrasonic Sensor, GSM Module, Image Recognition.

  Abstract


In recent times, the world has been experiencing an increase in medical cases. These medical cases are due to the inappropriate disposal of hospital wastes. Medical wastes are not minded properly that contain hazardous wastes that lead to different viruses. Medical waste is some waste that is generated in healthcare centers, such as hospitals, clinics, and laboratories. Medical waste can contain chemicals, such as mercury, lead, and other hazardous materials that can leach into the soil and water, leading to environmental pollution. This pollution can also cause health problems for people living in the surrounding areas. The medical waste may contain infectious or hazardous materials that can pose a risk to human health and the environment. Hazardous waste in hospitals may include: Chemical waste that includes expired or unused chemicals, such as laboratory reagents and solvents, that can pose a risk to human health and the environment if not properly managed. Pharmaceutical waste which includes expired, unused, or contaminated medications, as well as chemotherapy drugs, which can be toxic and harmful if not properly disposed of. Radioactive waste which includes materials that contain radioactive isotopes, such as medical equipment used in radiation therapy or nuclear medicine. Infectious waste includes waste contaminated with infectious agents, such as blood-soaked bandages, used needles, and cultures from laboratory experiments. Sharps waste that includes used needles, syringes, and other sharp objects that can cause injury or transmit infection. Proper management and disposal of hazardous waste in hospitals is critical to protect the health and safety of patients, healthcare workers, and the environment. This may include segregating hazardous waste from non- hazardous waste, providing designated containers for different types of waste, labeling containers appropriately, and ensuring that waste is stored and transported safely to prevent contamination. Hospitals may also use specialized treatment methods, such as incineration or autoclaving, to treat hazardous waste before disposal.Medical waste is potentially dangerous. So, we have proposed a modified method of Sorting of medical wastes in the dustbin is very important. In this Continuation, we framed different rules to apply to treatment of different types of waste. We designed the Smart hospital waste management dustbin by using different sensors for different purposes. The bins are classified based on color. Four colors Red, Blue, Yellow, and Black indicate the different wastes in the Hospital. Sensors such as Ultrasonic measure the distance of the waste to be disposed of and it works along with the Servo Motor for the opening and Closing of the lid. Here, the Camera module for Arduino UNO is attached for the waste Image Recognition and classifies according to the color of the bin. The Gas sensor is set with the maximum range of the gas that st inks from the bin and it alerts the worker by ringing the buzzer. The Buzzer also works when the dumpster is filled. It must be properly managed to protect the general public. Specifically, healthcare and sanitation workers who are regularly exposed to biomedical waste as an occupational hazard. Additionally, a GSM module is connected for the SMS Alert to the frontline workers when the bins get filled and when it stinks. This helps the workers for the immediate action. Healthcare facilities should follow proper protocols for segregation, treatment, and disposal of medical waste to ensure the safety of their employees, patients, and the environment. Hence, disposal and accumulation of waste in the proper manner is of great value as it can lessen direct and indirect health risks to people and damage to flora, fauna and the environment.

  IJCRT's Publication Details

  Unique Identification Number - IJCRT2309742

  Paper ID - 250907

  Author type - Indian Author

  Page Number(s) - g139-g147

  Pubished in - Volume 11 | Issue 9 | September 2023

  DOI (Digital Object Identifier) -   

  No Of Downloads - 60

  Author Country - India, -, -, -, -, Science and Technology

  Publisher Name - IJPUBLICATION | www.ijcrt.org | ISSN : 2320-2882

  E-ISSN Number - 2320-2882

  Published Paper PDF : - http://www.ijcrt.org/papers/IJCRT2309742

  Published Paper URL: : - http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2309742

  Published Paper PDF Downlaod: - download.php?file=IJCRT2309742

  Cite this article

N P SARADA DEVI,S NARASIMHULU,   "MONITORING OF HAZARDOUS MEDICAL WASTE BY USING IOT", International Journal of Creative Research Thoughts (IJCRT), ISSN:2320-2882, Volume.11, Issue 9, pp.g139-g147, September 2023, Available at :http://www.ijcrt.org/papers/IJCRT2309742.pdf

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