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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CREATIVE RESEARCH THOUGHTS - IJCRT (IJCRT.ORG)

International Peer Reviewed & Refereed Journals, Open Access Journal

ISSN: 2320-2882 | Impact factor: 7.97 | ESTD Year: 2013

Scholarly open access journals, Peer-reviewed, and Refereed Journals, Impact factor 7.97 (Calculate by google scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool) , Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Indexing in all major database & Metadata, Citation Generator, Digital Object Identifier(DOI)

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Volume 8 | Issue 2 |

Volume 8 | Issue 2 |  
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  Paper Title: ASIAN PERSPECTIVE ON WHITE COLLAR CRIME AND THE LEGAL REGIME

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002109
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002109
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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002109

  Register Paper ID - 191922

  Title: ASIAN PERSPECTIVE ON WHITE COLLAR CRIME AND THE LEGAL REGIME

  Author Name(s): Lokesha KG, Dr.V Sudesh

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1092-1094

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 6

 Abstract

In recent years due to the onset of globalization and consequent economic prosperity, there is an increase in the commission of white collar crimes. One reason attributed for increase in white collar crimes is the growth of corporate sector. Despite their being legal measures to control white collar crimes, we find that in recent times the Asian region particularly in India big corporate names have managed to escape the clutches of law, partly this could be attributed to the growth of countries as important economic players. Sociologists observe this phenomenon as social deviance; however criminologists consider this as an act of violation of the law with the criminal intent. The SAARC nation�s agenda for the welfare of the people of South Asia plays an important role in preventing such crimes. The Prevention of Corruption Amendment Act (2018) of India tries to tackle the problem of white collar crimes. Further the Central Vigilance Commission Act, the Lokpal and Lokayuktha act all have an important role in investigating white collar crimes. The Governance model in South Asia has to take note of the developments around the globe to check the commission of white collar crimes. The Co-operation of International Agencies assisted by local police networks will go a long way in controlling such crimes. Non regulation of white collar crimes may not only negate the economic achievements that the countries are making but also may eat up the social welfare fund of the government. This paper is an attempt to analyse the socio legal problems of white collar crimes in the context of governance model in South Asia


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White collar crime,Legal regime

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  Paper Title: Different Methods of Reducing Mutual Coupling between Microstrip MIMO Antenna: A Review

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002108
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002108
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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002108

  Register Paper ID - 191672

  Title: DIFFERENT METHODS OF REDUCING MUTUAL COUPLING BETWEEN MICROSTRIP MIMO ANTENNA: A REVIEW

  Author Name(s): Anil pandey, Nitesh kumar

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1086-1091

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 27

 Abstract


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microstrip patch antenna, MIMO antenna, 5G,Mutual coupling

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  Paper Title: CONTRIBUTION OF TECHNOLOGY IN DIFFERENT GAMES AND SPORTS

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002107
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002107
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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002107

  Register Paper ID - 191941

  Title: CONTRIBUTION OF TECHNOLOGY IN DIFFERENT GAMES AND SPORTS

  Author Name(s): Sahil sharma

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1082-1085

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 8

 Abstract

In this paper, we discussed about technology and how the technological tools is used in sports and games. For this purpose, we review the existing lines of research on this topic. The use of technological applications is now widespread across many games and sports disciplines. The revolutionary innovations in technology have changed the shape of sports scenario in which athletes are monitored in daily training and competitions environment. Technology is the best way to avoid mistakes in organization and administration of various sports and games at all levels. The uses of electronic technologies and internet applications have made the teaching-learning process more efficient. This paper elaborates the use and benefits of collaboration of technologies and sports and games.


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Technology, sports, internet, electronic gadgets, computer

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  Paper Title: A REVIEW ON BLOOD CELLS COUNTING USING IMAGE PROCESSING

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002106
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002106
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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002106

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  Title: A REVIEW ON BLOOD CELLS COUNTING USING IMAGE PROCESSING

  Author Name(s): Miss. Shweta Janardan Kamble, Prof. Dr. Manasi Dixit

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1078-1081

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 13

 Abstract

The human blood contains the RBCs, WBCs, Platelets and Plasma. To count the blood is very important because they indicate the state of health. Counting of Complete Blood Count (CBC) includes all the cells that determines person�s health and diagnose the diseases. There are various techniques of blood cells counting which involves conventional as well as automatic techniques. This paper gives review on different techniques applied to obtain the blood cells counting. Image Processing involves Image Acquisition, Pre Processing, Image Segmentation, Image Post-Processing and cell counting Algorithm.


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Complete Blood Count , Image Processing , Red Blood Cells , White Blood Cells , Platelets

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  Paper Title: MAHATMA GANDHI�S VISION ON EDUCATION: ITS RELEVANCE IN THE 21ST CENTURY

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002105
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002105
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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002105

  Register Paper ID - 191818

  Title: MAHATMA GANDHI�S VISION ON EDUCATION: ITS RELEVANCE IN THE 21ST CENTURY

  Author Name(s): Dr. B.K. Mahakul

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1070-1077

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 11

 Abstract

ABSTRACT Mohandas Karam Chand Gandhi, the father of Nation was a great leader as well as a Social Reformer, He was first called �Mahatma� by Rabindranath Tagore and �Father of the Nation� by Subas Chandra Bose Considering his Contribution towards Society. Among them education is one. Education is a cultural Construct meant to socialize the citizen, transmit knowledge from one generation to another to better all generations. The education system is supposed to contribute to individual growth and Social transformation. Gandhiji played a very important role in the educational system in India. The performance of roles by the individual in the society, Gandhi believes, is greatly influenced, affected and determined by the type of education as received and inculcated by him during the formative years of his life. He therefore, prescribes for a scheme of education known as the �Nayi Talim� (New Education of Basic Education) in which every child ought to be educated and trained for the realization of his ethical goal in life and also the goal of a just social order. According to Gandhi, education should aim at a balanced and harmonious development of the body, mind and soul of the individual. If it results in the development one without the other two, it can not be beneficial for the individual and the society as well. Therefore, there should be a balanced combination of intellectual educating and physical education by assigning equal importance to both. He affirms: �I hold that true education of the intellect can only come through a proper exercise and training of the bodily organs. E.g. hands, feet, eyes, ears, nose etc. In other worlds, an intelligent use of the bodily organs in a child provides the best and quickest way of developing, his intellect. But unless the development of the mind and the body goes hand in hand with a corresponding awakening of the soul, the former alone would prove to be a poor lop-sided affair. By spiritual training I mean education of the heart. A proper and all round development of the mind therefore, can take place only when it proceeds pari passu with the education of the physic cal and spiritual facilities of the child. They constitute an indivisible whole� Therefore, it would be a gross fallacy to suppose that they can be developed piece-meal an independently of one-another. In view of the above this paper will give reflections on the vision of Mahatma Gandhi on education which tends to provide an effective panacea for eliminating and eradicating the ills and evils of corruption, violence, crimes, conflict and disharmony that affect the contemporary societies throughout the world. The vision of Gandhiji on education seems to be relevant for the 21st century. Director and Research officer, SAMADHAN-A Centre for Socio-Eco, Scientific Development and Research, Sambalpur. Email-bmahakul64@gmail.com


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Gandhi,Education,Vision.

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  Paper Title: ATTAINMENT OF COURSE OUTCOMES - A TOOL TO ASSESS THE PROFICIENCY OF L S R W SKILLS IN ENGLISH ?

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002104
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002104
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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002104

  Register Paper ID - 191874

  Title: ATTAINMENT OF COURSE OUTCOMES - A TOOL TO ASSESS THE PROFICIENCY OF L S R W SKILLS IN ENGLISH ?

  Author Name(s): Bishnu Paramguru Mahapatra

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1057-1069

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 9

 Abstract

Outcome based education is the demand of the day for all professional degrees where the traditional education is taking a backseat. The focus on outcome based education creates a clear expectation of what students need to do by the end of the course. The traditional approach of teaching is teacher centric where as the OBE model is student centric. It is the Cos (Course Outcomes) paves the way for learning outcomes. For each course, there are certain Course outcomes which are analyzed taking the program outcomes and other requirements into account. Program outcomes are the twelve graduate attributes as set by NBA. COs are the measurable attributes which needs to be assessed at the end of successful completion of the course. Each course under the program has its own set of Cos. The present paper throws a light in the process to measure the COs through a case study on CESS (Communicative English and Soft Skills), a course compulsory for all branches of Engineering students. The analysis and the result of the course outcomes is shown through CO attainment in the CO-PO Matrix


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Course Outcomes, Outcome Based Education, CO-PO Matrix.

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  Paper Title: A REVIEW ON BOUNDARY DETECTION AND AREA CALCULATION OF LAKE USING IMAGE PROCESSING

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002103
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002103
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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002103

  Register Paper ID - 191731

  Title: A REVIEW ON BOUNDARY DETECTION AND AREA CALCULATION OF LAKE USING IMAGE PROCESSING

  Author Name(s): Miss Namrata D Khaire, Prof Dr Manasi R Dixit

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1053-1056

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 10

 Abstract

It is very important to monitor the increase or decrease in water level and occupied area of lakes or rivers during summer and rainy seasons to overcome the problems in future. The boundary and area of lake is calculated of satellite images using Image Processing Technique. This paper gives review on different techniques to obtain the area and detect boundary of lake. Analyzing the satellite images of the lakes would help to determine the edges of the lake and it�s declining rate. The analysis process can be done using various algorithms and software.


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Image segmentation, Region Growing, Thresholding

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  Paper Title: IOT BASED SMART ENERGY METER

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002102
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002102
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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002102

  Register Paper ID - 191935

  Title: IOT BASED SMART ENERGY METER

  Author Name(s): Abhishek Nanoti, Vaishnavi Patil, Srishti Shetty, Deepa Nath

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1047-1052

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 7

 Abstract

Wireless automation in electricity and billing is the new innovation in terms of technology. Retrieving the data of units consumed by the consumers is not efficient. The current process of electricity billing is susceptible to errors. It is time and resource and labor consuming as well. The problem of the billing system becomes crucial when consumers try to tamper the meter, thereby pay less amount than what actually should be paid. In our proposed system, already installed energy meters at our houses are not replaced, but an additional small circuit design along with IoT on the already installed meters can change the existing meters into smart meters. Smart Electricity meter using Internet of Things (IoT) system present an efficient and cost-effective way to transfer the information of energy consumed to the consumer wirelessly and automatically without any human intervention, as well as it provides facilities to detect the illegal usage of the electricity. Aim of this project is to calculate the electricity consumption, formulate the bill automatically without any labor and transfer it using IoT. Bill amount is SMSed through IoT platform to the consumer at the start of every month with the help of RTC. Also, this study aims to detect and control the energy theft. A passive infrared (IR) sensor is engaged with the system to detect when any illegal alteration happens in the metering system. In such case, the system itself will notify it to the server, as well as it has the facility to disconnect and re-connect the electricity supply automatically using a Solid-State Relay, also the power supply can be disconnected and reconnected remotely in case of pending bills.


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Key words- Wireless Automation, Internet of Things (IoT), Microcontroller, IR sensor, Solid State Relay, RTC.

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  Paper Title: INDIA AS A SENSITIVE BACKGROUND FOR ART EDUCATION

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002100
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002100
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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002100

  Register Paper ID - 191934

  Title: INDIA AS A SENSITIVE BACKGROUND FOR ART EDUCATION

  Author Name(s): Babu K

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1024-1038

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 20

 Abstract

Abstract: �It was fundamental for the diverse cultural institutions in India which managed establishments of inimitable education to society in the course of its constant existence even if this relation restricted all resources of fortitude during its subsistence, due to various factors but religious reasons were at prime. They continued teaching until got vanished from history, Hinduism, Buddhism, Brahmanism and Jainism are major among them and each of them introduced unique art education systems through ideological expansion and own survival. It was followed by Mughal Empire who encouraged Miniature Painting and Company School came into survival on prolongation to this which supported materialization of art activities to appeal Western sensibilities. Ravi Varma was totally criticized for his manifestations with oil painting: a Western device but Bengal school proved its name for being more Indian through their propaganda. The school established by Rabindranath Tagore at Santiniketan was answer for many questions: the new beginnings from here and with emergence of Individual activities by various geniuses, a style accepted Pan Indian level began to stage in India and which lead to new developments in Art education.�


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Art education, Religion, Mughal, Miniature, Company School, Ravi Varma, Bengal school, Santiniketan, N S Bendre, Artists.

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  Paper Title: SOIL TEST CROP RESPONSE BASED INTEGRATED PLANT NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR COWPEA (VIGNA UNGICULATA (L) WALP) IN MOLLISOLS OF UTTARAKHAND

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002099
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002099
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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002099

  Register Paper ID - 191931

  Title: SOIL TEST CROP RESPONSE BASED INTEGRATED PLANT NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR COWPEA (VIGNA UNGICULATA (L) WALP) IN MOLLISOLS OF UTTARAKHAND

  Author Name(s): Dr Varun Tripathi, Prof Sobaran Singh, Dr. Jyoti Pandey

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1015-1023

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 31

 Abstract

A Field experiment was conducted during spring 2009-10 in an Aquic Hapludoll at Norman E Borlaug Crop Research Center of the G.B Pant University of Agriculture and Technology., Pantnagar, as per technical programme of All India Coordinated Research Project on Soil Test Crop Response Correlation. The experiment was conducted in two phases. In the first phase soil fertility gradient was developed by dividing field into three strips and applying graded doses of fertilizers in them, (Strip I: No fertilizer, Strip II: 100, 100 and 100 kg N, P2O5 and K2O/ha and strip III: 200, 200 and 200 kg N, P2O5 and K2O/ha and growing of exhaust crop oat (var Kent). In the second phase i.e. test crop Cowpea (var Pant lobia-1) was grown by dividing each strip in 24 plots having 23 fertilizer treatments and one control plot. Response of selected combinations of three levels of farmyard manure, four levels of nitrogen, four levels of phosphorus and four levels of potassium at different levels of cowpea was studied. The values of the organic carbon, alkaline KMnO4 extractable nitrogen, Olsen�s phosphorus and neutral normal ammonium acetate extractable potassium in the experiment field ranged between 0.72-1.16 per cent, 112.30-200.60 kg/ha, 13.00-24.24 kg/ha and 101.90-245.30 kg/ha, respectively. In the present investigation the total straw yield ranged from 13.07-24.94 q/ha and total grain yield ranged from 9.00-18.20 q/ha. The nutrient requirement for production of one quintal of cowpea grain was found to be 5.71 kg of nitrogen, 0.90 kg of phosphorus and 3.72 kg of potassium. Per cent contribution of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium was 62.00, 59.00 and 32.00, from soil, whereas from other sources as FYM was 7.00, 29.00, 10.00; chemical fertilizer 30.00, 14.00 and 30.00 and conjoint use of chemical fertilizer with FYM was 30.00, 17.00, 27.00 in terms of NPK respectively. With the help of these data fertilizer recommendation at different yield targets and soil test value can be calculated. Coefficient of quadratic multiple regression (R2) was found highly significant (0.898**) between grain yield, soil test values, added fertilizers and FYM. Organic carbon, alkaline KMnO4-N, Olsen�s P and AB-DTPA P and Ammonium acetate K and AB DTPA K methods of available N, P and K, respectively were at par for the cow pea grown in Mollisol of Uttarakhand. Findings from present study can successfully be utilized for the larger parts of Tarai region of Uttarakhand as effective guide for efficient and balanced fertilizer recommendations.


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Coefficient of Multiple regression, balanced fertilizer recommendations, coefficient of quadratic multiple regression, Aquic hapludoll

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ISSN: 2320-2882
Impact Factor: 7.97 and ISSN APPROVED
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Scholarly open access journals, Peer-reviewed, and Refereed Journals, Impact factor 7.97 (Calculate by google scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool) , Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Indexing in all major database & Metadata, Citation Generator, Digital Object Identifier(DOI)

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