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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CREATIVE RESEARCH THOUGHTS - IJCRT (IJCRT.ORG)

International Peer Reviewed & Refereed Journals, Open Access Journal

ISSN: 2320-2882 | Impact factor: 7.97 | ESTD Year: 2013

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Volume 8 | Issue 8 |

Volume 8 | Issue 8 |  
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  Paper Title: COMPARISON OF SUPERIORITY FIXED PARTIAL DENTURE AND REMOVABLE PARTIAL DENTURE IN DENTAL TEACHING CLINIC OF KABUL UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES.

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2008449
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2008449
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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2008449

  Register Paper ID - 197744

  Title: COMPARISON OF SUPERIORITY FIXED PARTIAL DENTURE AND REMOVABLE PARTIAL DENTURE IN DENTAL TEACHING CLINIC OF KABUL UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES.

  Author Name(s): Dr. Mohammad Bashir Nejabi , Dr. Amina Ghoriani

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 8

 Pages: 3760-3763

 Year: August 2020

 Downloads: 48

 Abstract

Introduction: Teeth have different functions; such as: chewing, speaking and beauty. However, Missed one or several teeth can cause malfunction of mentioned above jobs. If eventually, the lost teeth don�t be replaced by artificial ones, it can manage to the malfunction of chewing and speaking tasks. It can also lead to problems in aesthetic and cause depression and digestive diseases by the time. In case of missed of one or more teeth; missed teeth can be replaced by Fixed Partial Denture (FPD) or Removable Partial Dentures (RPD). (FPD) replaces the missed tooth or teeth in a fixed type by use of natural adjacent teeth. Moreover, this type of replacement cannot be moved from mouth by patient. (RPD) replaces the missed one or more teeth by help of remaining natural teeth. As well, this type of teeth replacement can move from mouth by patient. The removable partial dentures prepared retention and stability of denture by help of clasps that connected to the natural teeth. This type of replacement can be removed from mouth by patient. Purpose: Determining that which kind of Partial dentures (fixed or removable) is more effective. Methodology: This is a Comparative cross sectional study which is done among patients of Dental Teaching Clinic of Kabul University of Medical Science �Abu-Ali Abne Sina� among 30 patients with (FPD) and 30 patients with (RPD). Patients had to respond to before preparation questionnaire for determining their level of satisfaction. Results: The research was done among 60 patients; which 30 of patients were having (FPD) and 30 other were with (RPD) The 30 patients have (FPD) 13 of patients was male and 17 were female. The age of patients was between 29-67 years old. Among mentioned 30 patients, 8 of them had (FPD) in both jaws, 13 patients in upper jaw and 9 of them had (FPD) in lower jaw. 22 of patients (73.33%) were satisfied from Fixed Partial denture 8 patients (26.66%) had complained about esthetic, chewing, speaking and bad smile. Female patients, especially those who had (FPD) in their forward teeth, were complainant of esthetic. Among 30 patients with (RPD), 9 were male and 21 were female that the age was ranged from 34 to 70 years old.10 of patients had (RPD) in both jaws; while 14 patients had (RPD) in upper jaw and 6 had in lower jaw. 17 of patients (56.66%) satisfied of (RPD) However, 13 patients (43.33) were not content from (RPD) due to fixation and chewing force. Female were more complainant than male. Complaints triggered by (RPD), were more in lower jaw than upper jaw. Conclusion: Through this research, we determined that patients with (RPD) were more unwilling than (FPD) Women were more complainants from beauty and chewing aspects than men. Problems raised from (RPD) fixation was more in lower jaw than upper jaw.


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Removable Partial Denture Fixed Partial Denture, Satisfaction of Patients from Removable and Fixed Partial denture

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  Paper Title: GROWTH BEHAVIOUR OF SOME BLUE GREEN ALGAE IN DIFFERENT CULTURE MEDIA

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2008448
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2008448
Published PDF: download.php?file=IJCRT2008448

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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2008448

  Register Paper ID - 198372

  Title: GROWTH BEHAVIOUR OF SOME BLUE GREEN ALGAE IN DIFFERENT CULTURE MEDIA

  Author Name(s): Dr. Sujata Kumari

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 8

 Pages: 3756-3759

 Year: August 2020

 Downloads: 32

 Abstract

Growth Behaviour of five local strain of blue green algae was tested. Growth was tested in BG-11 medium, chu-10 medium, ASN-III medium, ASP-2 medium, Allen Arnon medium and Gorham�s medium. Growth were observed on 8th day, 12th day, 16th day, 20th day and 24th day. It was observed that Anabaena circinalis, A.bornatiana, A.macrospora showed maximum growth in chu-10 medium where as Nostoc commun and Nostoc linckia showed maximum growth in BG-11 medium.


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Blue-green algae, BG-11 medium, chu-10 medium, ASN-III medium, ASP-2 medium, Allen Arnon medium and Gorham�s medium.

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  Paper Title: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES OF SMALL BUSINESSES IN INDIA AFTER PANDEMIC

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2008447
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2008447
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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2008447

  Register Paper ID - 198338

  Title: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES OF SMALL BUSINESSES IN INDIA AFTER PANDEMIC

  Author Name(s): Dr Kulbhushan Meghe

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 8

 Pages: 3751-3755

 Year: August 2020

 Downloads: 30

 Abstract

India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. India is witnessing steadily accelerated and stable economic growth in the last half-decade. This growth has been driven by strong socio-economic policies of the government, an influx in the domestic and foreign capital and rise in disposable income and consumption among many other positive attributes. One other major factor that is behind the backbone of India�s economy is Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) sector. The small businesses are playing major role in the Indian Economy. After pandemic these sector facing many challenges which need to be recoved in effective manner. This paper focuses on the challenges and opportunities of small business in India after pandemic.


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economy, SME, MSME, pandemic

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  Paper Title: �BISLERI-LITMUS TESTING THE CONSUMER LOYALTY�: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SELECTED PACKAGED DRINKING WATER BRANDS IN BIHAR

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2008446
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2008446
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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2008446

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  Title: �BISLERI-LITMUS TESTING THE CONSUMER LOYALTY�: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SELECTED PACKAGED DRINKING WATER BRANDS IN BIHAR

  Author Name(s): Dr. Quazi Md. Kamran

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 8

 Pages: 3740-3750

 Year: August 2020

 Downloads: 20

 Abstract

The packaged drinking water industry in India is driven by the occasions of unpredicted water lack and wellbeing awareness that has begun to create in the individuals. The market of filtered water is ruled by specific players from recent years since it is focused. The fundamental showcasing rivalry among the players is that of bundling and alluring marking which assembles them immense buyer base. The primary target of the investigation is to discover the purchaser unwaveringness towards Bisleri packaged drinking water and buyer loyalty and satisfaction towards Bisleri. Engaging exploration is followed in this examination. The universe of the populace incorporates the respondents who are the purchasers of Bisleri and its aggressive brands in Bihar. The examples were chosen among the shoppers of Bisleri in Bihar. This exploration talks about the shopper purchasing conduct and the acceptability of the equivalent among the individuals of the examination zone.


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Packaged drinking water, Awareness, Rivalry, Buyer loyalty, Satisfaction

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  Paper Title: �EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON EFFECTS ON PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE WITH PARTIALLY REPLACEMENT OF CEMENT AND NATURAL SAND BY METAKAOLIN AND ROBO SAND �

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2008445
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2008445
Published PDF: download.php?file=IJCRT2008445

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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2008445

  Register Paper ID - 198362

  Title: �EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON EFFECTS ON PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE WITH PARTIALLY REPLACEMENT OF CEMENT AND NATURAL SAND BY METAKAOLIN AND ROBO SAND �

  Author Name(s): Ashish Kumar , Pushpendra Kumar Kushwaha, Jiji M Thomas , Mithun Kumar Rana

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 8

 Pages: 3731-3739

 Year: August 2020

 Downloads: 24

 Abstract

Abstract Concrete is considered to be the most widely used and versatile material of construction all over the world. One of the important ingredients of conventional concrete is natural sand or river sand, which is on the verge of exhausting due to abundant usage. In this content Metakaolin was a pozzolanic material used in wide range in replacement of cement. Metakaolin is dehydroxylated aluminum silicate, due to its pozzolanic activity the strength properties and durability properties of concrete increases and reduction in Porosity and Permeability also. In this present investigation partial replacement of cement with metakaolin at 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and replacing natural sand with 50% ROBO sand. The mechanical properties of concrete i.e. compressive strength, split tensile strength and flexural strength are studied of concrete made with replacement of MK-RS and results are compared with conventional concrete. In this work totally six mixes are prepared with M20and M25 grade concrete mix and average of three specimens were tested for 7 days, 14 days and 28 days for each mix.


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Metakaolin, conventional concrete, ROBO sand, Fly ash, Bottom Ash, pozzolanic material

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  Paper Title: CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL RIGHTS FOR WOMEN IN INDIA

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2008444
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2008444
Published PDF: download.php?file=IJCRT2008444

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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2008444

  Register Paper ID - 198340

  Title: CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL RIGHTS FOR WOMEN IN INDIA

  Author Name(s): Ms.Nisha Kumari

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 8

 Pages: 3724-3730

 Year: August 2020

 Downloads: 30

 Abstract

Women are an important part of the society. World can never be complete without a woman. A woman is a blessing to this earth. She plays a versatile role in one�s life; she is a daughter, a sister, a wife, a mother, a friend and above all a real motivator, an inspiration and strength. But from the beginning of this world women is treated as a weaker section of the society and they are victims of the crime like rape, eve teasing, adultery, female infanticide, child marriage, dowry, domestic violence, prostitution, fraudulent marriage, exploitation at work place, murder, acid throwing. Majority of women experience other forms of discrimination, based on their age, customs, nationality, religion, health status, marital status, education, disability and socio-economic status. The discrimination in any form against women is violation of human rights and Fundamental freedom. In modern India some improvement has been taken place in the status of women. But still woman do not enjoy as much independence and liberties as men do. Crimes against women are increasing day by day. In spite the fact that the women�s contribution to the progress of the country is equivalent to their male counterpart, still they experience a number of restrictions that restrict them from realizing their capabilities. Though women in India have been given more rights as compared to men, even then the condition of women in India is miserable. The problem behind this situation is lack of knowledge of legal and constitutional rights of woman. Most adverse part of this is even women are not fully aware about their rights. This paper will throw light on the various constitutional and legal rights of women in India, by focusing on the various crimes done against them.


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Women, Rights, Crime

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  Paper Title: POTENTIAL IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON THE ECONOMIC GROWTH OF INDIA

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2008443
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2008443
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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2008443

  Register Paper ID - 198349

  Title: POTENTIAL IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON THE ECONOMIC GROWTH OF INDIA

  Author Name(s): Priya verma

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 8

 Pages: 3717-3723

 Year: August 2020

 Downloads: 33

 Abstract

Today, India is facing its biggest crisis.it is a very hard decision to lock down the country entirely for much longer period which affects the production of goods and services, decrease in the human capital, decrease in the labor productivity etc.huge number of people pushed into dire poverty and loss of their livelihood.millions of migrants workers are facing a crisis in India which reduces their ability to keep earning and remitting money. due to social distancing and lockdown business are mostly shut and a lot of migrants workers are either unemployed or waiting for something positive to happen.according to the center for Monitoring India Economy(CMIE) said that India's unemployment rate rose to 26.2% in the third week of April and the employment rate fallen from 40% in February to 26%.the labor market are under equal stress in both the rural and urban area. the rate of unemployment in rural India stands higher at 26.7% as against urban i.e 25.1%.stock and bond market are likely to fall more. balance of payment difficulties could come up. India needs to manage all this very carefully. as per the various sources of government such as the ministry of statistics and program implementation and commission, the government of India provides the data of Indian people engage in agriculture sector I.e53- 55%, industry sectors i.e 28% and service sector I.e17-18% are seriously affected.peoples engaged in the manufacturing and construction are most vulnerable for job losses, livelihood, and food services, according to crisil rating.there is a medium impact on the service sector and agriculture is least affected. but a significant decline in all the sectors which has been additional pressure on the economy.it shows a very drastic reduction in our economic growth.


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economic crisis,COVID-19,unemployment,lockdown,limited resources,demand and supply,migrant labour

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  Paper Title: EMPLOYMENT OF LOW-COST AUTONOMOUS ROBOT IN SMART RESTAURANT

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2008442
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2008442
Published PDF: download.php?file=IJCRT2008442

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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2008442

  Register Paper ID - 198208

  Title: EMPLOYMENT OF LOW-COST AUTONOMOUS ROBOT IN SMART RESTAURANT

  Author Name(s): Dr. S. Chandravadhana, R. Ohmsakthi vel, R. Nandhakumar

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 8

 Pages: 3711-3716

 Year: August 2020

 Downloads: 27

 Abstract

Over the necessity and emerging development in mechatronics field, numbers of low cost automated products were raised to innovate and made human life more comfortable. This paper aims to design and employ an autonomous system to automate the various functionalities in restaurant. Because of shortage of labors, and the technology development, the restaurant owner shows their interest to make their restaurant as smart. For this, we are integrating some emerging technologies to achieve automation. Here, we used IoT, embedded devices and robots. Unlike other waiter robots, our robots are structured and programmed with ROS framework, AMLC and SLAM, which makes our system more intelligent and smart. Preliminary tests show that autonomous system work is acceptable, and the robot is able to reach the target table and deliver the food. The system can guide and help the customer in each level of occurrence.


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Smart Restaurant, Low Cost Automation, IoT, Robotics and Embedded Networking

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  Paper Title: STUDY OF EVALUATION OF ABO BLOOD GROUP IN YOUNG ADULTS WITH REFERENCE TO DIFFERENT MIZAJ.

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2008441
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2008441
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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2008441

  Register Paper ID - 198327

  Title: STUDY OF EVALUATION OF ABO BLOOD GROUP IN YOUNG ADULTS WITH REFERENCE TO DIFFERENT MIZAJ.

  Author Name(s): Iqra Hashmi, Yusuf jamal

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 8

 Pages: 3707-3710

 Year: August 2020

 Downloads: 26

 Abstract

ABSTRACT: Mizaj is derived from the Arabic word which means intermixing with each other. According to Ibn Nafees mizaj is an Inter mixture of different components. The word mizaj. is described as temperament which is derived from the Latin word TEMPERO, which means mix. In the Unani system of medicine mizaj is the most important and difficult concept as it describes the whole body and it should be in equilibrium and if there is any change in mizaj than the equilibrium gets disturbed and life is threatened. This study is conducted to relate the relationship between mizaj and blood groups. A cross-sectional descriptive study to assess the ABO blood groups in 60(sixty) healthy volunteers of different mizaj was carried out in the department of physiology. Based on the various observations it is found that Damvi mizaj is highest in all blood groups and saudavi mizaj is lowest in all blood groups.


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KEYWORDS: Mizaj, saudavi, damvi, temperament and ABO Blood groups.

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  Paper Title: IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON THE SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN THE LOGISTICS INDUSTRY IN INDIA

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2008440
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2008440
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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2008440

  Register Paper ID - 197468

  Title: IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON THE SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN THE LOGISTICS INDUSTRY IN INDIA

  Author Name(s): Drishya Chowdhary

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 8

 Pages: 3699-3706

 Year: August 2020

 Downloads: 41

 Abstract

Novel Coronavirus (COVID 19) Pandemic, a newly discovered virus that has spread to approximately 188 countries leading to high mortality rate and decreased Gross Domestic Product. The virus has affected the economy badly across the globe that we all are facing economy crisis all the more the virus has disrupted the supply chains, international trade, travel, tourism, Logistics etc. After the 1918�s Spanish flu pandemic which was considered to be the deadliest in the history we now see Coronavirus (COVID 19) pandemic which is astonishingly spreading at a greater speed. In this paper we shall talk about the impact of COVID 19 on the supply chain management in the logistics industry in India with a close focus on Supply chains along with Logistics also looking at the roadmap to recovery for the same.


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Pandemic, Economy, Supply Chain Management, Logistics Industry

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ISSN: 2320-2882
Impact Factor: 7.97 and ISSN APPROVED
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Scholarly open access journals, Peer-reviewed, and Refereed Journals, Impact factor 7.97 (Calculate by google scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool) , Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Indexing in all major database & Metadata, Citation Generator, Digital Object Identifier(DOI)

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