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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CREATIVE RESEARCH THOUGHTS - IJCRT (IJCRT.ORG)

International Peer Reviewed & Refereed Journals, Open Access Journal

ISSN: 2320-2882 | Impact factor: 7.97 | ESTD Year: 2013

Scholarly open access journals, Peer-reviewed, and Refereed Journals, Impact factor 7.97 (Calculate by google scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool) , Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Indexing in all major database & Metadata, Citation Generator, Digital Object Identifier(DOI)

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Volume 8 | Issue 2 |

Volume 8 | Issue 2 |  
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  Paper Title: CLINICAL EVALUATION OF AN IN-HOUSE NOVEL PRIMER SEQUENCE BASED PCR FOR CONVENTIONAL MOLECULAR DIAGNOSIS OF PULMONARY AND EXTRAPULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS.

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002119
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002119
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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002119

  Register Paper ID - 191919

  Title: CLINICAL EVALUATION OF AN IN-HOUSE NOVEL PRIMER SEQUENCE BASED PCR FOR CONVENTIONAL MOLECULAR DIAGNOSIS OF PULMONARY AND EXTRAPULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS.

  Author Name(s): Ranganath Reddy Rachamallu, V. Ramakrishna, Soumendra Nath Maity, Kavi Kishor P.B, Rathnagiri polavarapu.

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1156-1163

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 6

 Abstract

Background:Tuberculosis is one of the chronic infectious bacterial disease that still remains as major cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. The limited role of diagnostic methods for correct and early detection of bacilli in different types of clinical samples remains uncertain increasing prevalence of TB. Aim & Objective: The purpose of present study is to develop an in-house primer to PCR targeting the fadE-20 gene for diagnostic applicability in detection of M.tuberculosis complex species from clinically suspected cases of pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Materials & Methods: This study was conducted in Genomix Carl Pvt. Ltd, Pulivendula, A.P during the period of 2 years 6 months from March 2017 to September 2019. A total of 233 different types of clinical samples were assayed in this study with optimized fadE gene primer and its accuracy was comparatively analyzed with conventional IS6110 sequence based PCR ,Acid fast Bacilli(AFB) smear microscopy and LJ-culture tests results. Results: In the present study The highest overall positivity rate of 85.4% was observed by using in-house fadE-20 PCR whereas overall positivity with IS6110 PCR was found to be 82.4%(192). The in-house fadE PCR test resulted in sensitivity of 100% & 96.1% for pulmonary and extrapulmonary culture positive specimens whereas IS6110 PCR resulted in sensitivity of 98.8% and 93.5%.respectively.Furthermore both the amplification tests gave consistently negative results from the negative control group therefore showing overall specificity of 100%. Conclusion: By comparative analysis of overall data from both amplification tests,It can be concluded from this study that the fadE-20 PCR appears to be a reliable tool for accurate identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in different types of pulmonary and extrapulmonary samples obtained from tuberculosis patients.


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Pulmonary and extra pulmonary tuberculosis, in-house primer, Polymerase chain reaction, Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex.

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  Paper Title: A STUDY OF HOMOSEXUAL MALE YOUTH AMONG THE MIZO

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002118
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002118
Published PDF: download.php?file=IJCRT2002118

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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002118

  Register Paper ID - 191947

  Title: A STUDY OF HOMOSEXUAL MALE YOUTH AMONG THE MIZO

  Author Name(s): Dr.P.C.LALHMINGSANGI

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1150-1155

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 6

 Abstract

The study examined Homosexual male youth and compared the two age groups of 15-21 and 22-28 by using the psychological scales of Depression and psychological well being. (Homosexual = 80, two age groups of 15- 21= 40 and 22-28 = 40 years of age). Kinsey heterosexual homosexual rating scales were used to screen out the level of sexual orientation, Depression(Becks), psychological well being scale along with the demographic profile were employed. Results showed that Age difference emerged to be positively related to dependent measures and predicted the adjustment problems in the targeted population.


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Key words: 1.Homosexual, 2.depression, 3.psychological well being scale, 4.Kinsey heterosexual-homosexual rating scale.

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  Paper Title: ADJUSTMENT AMONG WOMEN REFERENCE TO GEOGRAPHICAL AREA

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002117
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002117
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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002117

  Register Paper ID - 191976

  Title: ADJUSTMENT AMONG WOMEN REFERENCE TO GEOGRAPHICAL AREA

  Author Name(s): Jignesh Haridan Tapariya

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1147-1149

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 5

 Abstract

The main purpose of this research was to find out the main difference between urban and rural area women in Adjustment. The total sample consisted of 80 women were taken. The research tool for Adjustment was measured by Dr. Bhatt.. Here�t� test was applied to check the significance of Adjustment in rural and urban area women.There is no significant different show, the hypothesis is rejected. Result is show that Adjustment in More in Urban Women compare to Rural Women.


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Adjustment, Women

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  Paper Title: RIGHTS OF THE REFUGEES AND HUMANITARIAN OBLIGATION OF WORLD AT LARGE WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO INDIA.

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002116
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002116
Published PDF: download.php?file=IJCRT2002116

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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002116

  Register Paper ID - 191968

  Title: RIGHTS OF THE REFUGEES AND HUMANITARIAN OBLIGATION OF WORLD AT LARGE WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO INDIA.

  Author Name(s): DR, NIRANJAN PARIDA

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1125-1146

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 5

 Abstract

ABSTRACT A quarter billion people worldwide live outside their country of nationality. Most of them are migrants, people who opt to leave their countries seeking greater opportunity. One-tenth of them, though, are refugees. They are fleeing political persecution and other acute threats. Most refugees go to countries neighboring their own, in part so that they can return home when circumstances change. The work of protecting refugees is carried out by a vast array of organizations. Some are public, others private; some are global, others grassroots. States, however, are the ultimate arbiters of their work. The international refugee regime, under the guiding hand of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), has proven adept at providing life-saving assistance in response to emergencies but has been challenged to provide meaningful opportunities for the long-term displaced or support the communities hosting them. Compounding the challenges, it faces is the retreat of many advanced democracies amid rising anti-immigrant sentiment. Established by the 1951 convention and its 1967 protocol, the regime envisioned refugee status as a temporary one for people who fear or have suffered persecution on the basis of race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion and who as a result require protection until they can return to their countries of origin; gain permanent residency in the country to which they have fled; or be resettled in a third country. The current state of the international refugee regime provides us with tried and tested tools to address them. What is needed now is to put our collective resources and capacities to their most effective use. We are already seeing this in the recent move towards creating a proposed Global Compact on Responsibility Sharing for Refugees, as set out in the UN secretary-general�s report, In Safety and Dignity: Addressing Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants. We are also seeing this with innovative directions in protection, assistance, and solutions for refugees that are helping us to operationalize long-standing principles of protection, transforming them into tangible results for refugees. New forms of group determination, combined with community-based protection and other measures, can help to ensure an appropriate legal status while at the same time identifying specific protection needs. Protection strategies can inform frameworks for governing migration and meeting the needs of the most vulnerable migrants. The integration of services to refugees within national systems and the expansion of cash-based programming can meet essential needs for assistance more effectively. The Humanitarian-Obligation of World at Large realization of Rights of the Refugees can provide the building for achieving a long-term solution, which remain, as ever, the ultimate aspiration of the international refugee protection regime. Thus, viewing the refugee problem in the context of humanitarian rights has assumed unprecedented importance today. The present article considers some of the basic human rights of refugees and their implications in the area of refugee protection. It also surveys the human rights of refugees in India and gives a brief account of the impact which human rights principles have made on the current programs and policies of UNHCR and the increasing involvement of human rights bodies in matters relating to refugees. Humanitarian emergencies are becoming increasingly frequent and thus, for want of better protection of human rights in these circumstances, humanitarian policy-making and emergency response need to take an integrated approach combining needs-based and rights-based approaches.


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KEYWORDS- Refugees, Displaced Persons, Rights, Humanitarian, Obligation, Extradition, Expulsion, Refoulement, Asylum, Non-discrimination, Protection of Refugees, International Humanitarian law, Chakmas, Right to life and Personal Security, Safeguard, Convention etc.

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  Paper Title: LATEST TRENDS OF OPEN ACCESS SELF-ARCHIVING A STUDY OF E-LIS REPOSITORY: WITH SPECIFIC REFERENCE TO ASIAN COUNTRIES

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002115
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002115
Published PDF: download.php?file=IJCRT2002115

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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002115

  Register Paper ID - 191816

  Title: LATEST TRENDS OF OPEN ACCESS SELF-ARCHIVING A STUDY OF E-LIS REPOSITORY: WITH SPECIFIC REFERENCE TO ASIAN COUNTRIES

  Author Name(s): Ipsita panda, Bulu Maharana

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1116-1124

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 7

 Abstract

Recently Open Access (OA) is a widely debated issue in the scientific community as well as in the publishing industry. No doubt people in all walks of life are greatly benefitted by the OA philosophy, libraries and information centers have been the prime beneficiaries of the new model of information access and delivery. The main objective of this OA ventures is to make the recorded scholarly output freely available to all readers over the Internet. The paper is a case study of E-LIS repository which provides open access LIS spread through worldwide. In this study I try to put the lime light on the Asian countries as a good contributor in the E-LIS repository. The study found that India is the highest contributor to the repository among all the 42 Asian countries with 658 submissions as a whole.


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Open Access, Open Access Initiatives, Self archiving, Digital Repository, E-LIS

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  Paper Title: SAMAJIK NYAY

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002114
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002114
Published PDF: download.php?file=IJCRT2002114

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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002114

  Register Paper ID - 191916

  Title: SAMAJIK NYAY

  Author Name(s): Dr. S. K.YADAV

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1113-1115

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 6

 Abstract

samajik nyay


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  Paper Title: A STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP AND EMPLOYEE�S JOB SATISFACTION AT HOUSEJOY PVT. LTD

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002113
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002113
Published PDF: download.php?file=IJCRT2002113

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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002113

  Register Paper ID - 191945

  Title: A STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP AND EMPLOYEE�S JOB SATISFACTION AT HOUSEJOY PVT. LTD

  Author Name(s): SPOORTHI.S

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1109-1112

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 10

 Abstract

Transformational leadership is a specific leadership style applied by leaders who motivate and inspire their subordinates to perform in the organization. Job satisfaction refers to the employee�s perceptions of their working conditions, compensation, independence, authority, creativity and security. The review shows that job satisfaction is related to employee�s relations with superiors, recognition by employer and working environment. Similarly, an organization�s leadership refers to its leadership style of providing directions and motivation to the employees. Transformational leadership depends upon the leadership style executed by the superiors under the dimensions such as idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation and individual consideration. Google forms, Multifactor Leadership Questionnaires (Form 5X-Short) and Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaires based on transformational leadership and employee�s job satisfaction using Correlation and Regression analysis is considered in the study, with a sample of 100 employees from the organization to provide a critical review of the relation between transformational leadership and job satisfaction experienced by employees at a service provider company as Housejoy Pvt. Ltd.


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Transformational Leadership, Idealized Influence, Inspirational Motivation, Intellectual Stimulation, Individual Consideration and Job Satisfaction

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  Paper Title: A CASE STUDY OF STATUS OF WATER QUALITY OF DRAINS IN DELHI

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002112
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002112
Published PDF: download.php?file=IJCRT2002112

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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002112

  Register Paper ID - 191950

  Title: A CASE STUDY OF STATUS OF WATER QUALITY OF DRAINS IN DELHI

  Author Name(s): Harish Uniyal, Diwaker Yadav, Aarti jain, Nida Ahmed

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1100-1108

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 5

 Abstract

The Yamuna River is the second largest tributary of Ganges .It is originating from the Yamunotri Glacier at a height of 6,387 meters on the southwestern slopes of Banderpooch peaks of the lower Himalaya in Uttrakhand. It travels a total length of 1,376 kilometers. It is one of the most polluted rivers in India. Yamuna river flows only for 54 kilometers from Palla to Baderpur through Delhi, the 22 km stretch from Wazirabad to Okhla, which is the less than 2 percent of the river length of 1370 kilometers from Yamunotri to Prayagraj, accounts of about 76 percent of the pollution level in the river. This 2 percent stretch from Wazirabad to Okhla has maximum discharge of untreated industrial and domestic waste. The undeveloped sewerage system and unavailability of sewerage lines in Delhi are affecting the water quality of Yamuna River by falling of untreated sewage water through the open drains. The 21 drains discharge around 850 MGD (million gallons per day) of sewage into the Yamuna every day. Looking to the severe condition of the sewerage system, it was decided to carry out a study to analyze the effect of open drainage system on water quality (Physico-chemical parameters) of Yamuna River and status of sewage generation and treatment.


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Physico-chemical parameters, wastewater,Yamuna River, open drains, sewage generation.

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  Paper Title: E-CONTRACT AS PER INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACT 2000

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002111
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002111
Published PDF: download.php?file=IJCRT2002111

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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002111

  Register Paper ID - 191952

  Title: E-CONTRACT AS PER INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACT 2000

  Author Name(s): Piyali Biswas

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1097-1099

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 5

 Abstract

The very rapid emergence of industrialisation, globalisation and technicalities formed with the rise of this computer technology. One of the products of E-commerce is E Contract, example are Online shopping, online banking, online auction act.In this age of IT, the whole transaction can be completed in seconds, with both parties simply affixing their electronic signatures to an electronic copy of their contract and this type of contract is legally valid under Information Technology Act 2000.But in whole over the Act none of the section says about parties eligibility to perform the online contract, only section 11 of the IT Act said about attribution of the electronic record to the originator. For getting the legally eligibility of the parties we have to consult The Indian Contract Act 1872.It is one of the great defect of IT Act 2000, which also create confusion among the parties on legally validity of their contract. And under certain circumstances parties were under confusion to whom they will blame in case of breach of online contract because the parties didn't know each other face to face and the digital signature of the person affixed on their contract might be of a minor, or of a unsound person.


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  Paper Title: A DISCUSSION ON THE AGE OF THE UNIVERSE

  Publisher Journal Name: IJCRT

  DOI Member: 10.6084/m9.doi.one.IJCRT2002110
Published URL: http://ijcrt.org/viewfull.php?&p_id=IJCRT2002110
Published PDF: download.php?file=IJCRT2002110

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  Published Paper ID: - IJCRT2002110

  Register Paper ID - 191951

  Title: A DISCUSSION ON THE AGE OF THE UNIVERSE

  Author Name(s): Dr Amit Prakash

 Publisher Journal name: IJCRT

 Volume: 8

 Issue: 2

 Pages: 1095-1096

 Year: February 2020

 Downloads: 6

 Abstract

The present paper provides some discussion and result about the age of the universe


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relativity,cosmology,universe,galaxy

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ISSN: 2320-2882
Impact Factor: 7.97 and ISSN APPROVED
Journal Starting Year (ESTD) : 2013
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Scholarly open access journals, Peer-reviewed, and Refereed Journals, Impact factor 7.97 (Calculate by google scholar and Semantic Scholar | AI-Powered Research Tool) , Multidisciplinary, Monthly, Indexing in all major database & Metadata, Citation Generator, Digital Object Identifier(DOI)

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